CLAIM: Ninety per cent of those who died during the Troubles were killed by paramilitaries.
CONCLUSION: ACCURATE WITH CONSIDERATION. Statistics about killings during the Troubles suggest that 87% of killings were perpetrated by paramilitary groupings, with the figure falling to 85% if evidence to date about collusion is taken into account. However, classifications of responsibility will continue to change as further evidence comes to light. Continue reading Were 90% of those who died during “the Troubles” killed by paramilitaries?
CLAIM: No one in Mid Ulster speaks Irish as their first language.
CONCLUSION: INACCURATE. 440 people living in the local government district spoke Irish as their first language, according to the 2011 Census. 22,986 people have some knowledge of the Irish language in this jurisdiction. Continue reading Does no one in Mid Ulster speak Irish?
CLAIM: The first time the Irish language was spoken in the House of Commons was 24 October 2018.
CONCLUSION: INACCURATE. There is an official record (Hansard) of Irish spoken in the House of Commons, by Thomas O’Donnell MP, on 19 February 1901. Also, Mark Durkan MP spoke Irish in the House as recently as 17 January 2017.
Continue reading Was Irish spoken for the first time in the House of Commons?
CLAIM: One in five new constables from 2016 and 2017 are from a Catholic community background.
CONCLUSION: UNSUBSTANTIATED. However the claim is accurate for years 2013 to 2015. Continue reading Are one in five PSNI new constables Catholic?
CLAIM: Only the Irish language is banned in courts in Northern Ireland.
CONCLUSION: INACCURATE. English is the working language of court proceedings in Northern Ireland; interpretation and translation services are provided for those who do not speak or understand English. Whether this policy is informed by the Penal Laws is currently contested. Continue reading Is Irish the only language banned in Northern Ireland courts?
CLAIM: There are 208 border crossings between Ireland and Northern Ireland.
CONCLUSION: UNSUBSTANTIATED. It is extremely difficult to accurately establish the exact number of border crossings, as many informal routes have been established since border infrastructure was removed and many are on private land, but the official number of main routes so far identified by the Irish and Northern Ireland governments is 208. Continue reading Are there 208 Ireland-Northern Ireland border crossings?